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The Siege Of The Alamo Ends March 6 1836


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The Battle Of The Alamo

The Battle Of The ALAMO, . The siege and the final assault on the Alamo in 1836 constitute the most celebrated military engagement in Texas history. The battle was conspicuous for the large number of illustrious personalities among its combatants. These included Tennessee congressman David Crockett, entrepreneur-adventurer James Bowie, and Mexican president Antonio López de Santa Anna. Although not nationally famous at the time, William Barret Travis achieved lasting distinction as commander at the Alamo. For many Americans and most Texans, the battle has become a symbol of patriotic sacrifice. Traditional popular depictions, including novels, stage plays, and motion pictures, emphasize legendary aspects that often obscure the historical event.

To understand the real battle, one must appreciate its strategic context in the Texas Revolution. In December 1835 a Federalist army of Texan (or Texian, as they were called) immigrants, American volunteers, and their Tejano allies had captured the town from a Centralist force during the siege of Bexar. With that victory, a majority of the Texan volunteers of the "Army of the People" left service and returned to their families. Nevertheless, many officials of the provisional government feared the Centralists would mount a spring offensive. Two main roads led into Texas from the Mexican interior. The first was the Atascosito Road, which stretched from Matamoros on the Rio Grande northward through San Patricio, Goliad, Victoria, and finally into the heart of Austin's colony. The second was the Old San Antonio Road, a camino real that crossed the Rio Grande at Paso de Francia (the San Antonio Crossing) and wound northeastward through San Antonio de Béxar, Bastrop, Nacogdoches, San Augustine, and across the Sabine River into Louisiana. Two forts blocked these approaches into Texas: Presidio La Bahía (Nuestra Señora de Loreto Presidio) at Goliad and the Alamo at San Antonio. Each installation functioned as a frontier picket guard, ready to alert the Texas settlements of an enemy advance. James Clinton Neill received command of the Bexar garrison. Some ninety miles to the southeast, James Walker Fannin, Jr., subsequently took command at Goliad. Most Texan settlers had returned to the comforts of home and hearth. Consequently, newly arrived American volunteers-some of whom counted their time in Texas by the week-constituted a majority of the troops at Goliad and Bexar. Both Neill and Fannin determined to stall the Centralists on the frontier. Still, they labored under no delusions. Without speedy reinforcements, neither the Alamo nor Presidio La Bahía could long withstand a siege.








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  • 11 months later...

Alamo plan facing state scrutiny

By Scott Huddleston and Peggy Fikac, San Antonio Express-News

Updated: February 4, 2017 11:35pm


May is shaping up to be high noon for the Alamo and implementation of projects under a draft version of a seven-year plan to improve the famed mission and battle site.


With a local May 6 vote looming on a $850 million bond issue that includes $21 million for pedestrian and aesthetic enhancements on city right-of-way on and around that hallowed ground, the two chambers of the Legislature appear split on levels of Alamo funding.


The House leadership starting-point budget proposal is $83.5 million in 2018-2019 to continue development and implementation of an Alamo master plan being developed by experts for the city of San Antonio, Texas General Land Office and nonprofit Alamo Endowment. But the Senate proposal filed by Senate Finance Committee Chair Jane Nelson, R-Flower Mound, lists $9.1 million for operation, preservation and maintenance of the state-owned Alamo complex.


A final decision by legislators may not happen before the latter part of May. The legislative session ends May 29. Scissors-32x32.png


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